Support[ edit ] Would prevent many U.
Support[ edit ] Would prevent many U. I cannot associate myself with such ideas. I am surprised that very worthy people—but people who in most cases had no intention of proceeding to the Japanese front themselves—should adopt the position that rather than throw this bomb, we should have sacrificed a million American and a quarter of a million British lives.
Two landings were planned: Those who argue in favor of the decision to drop the atomic bombs on enemy targets believe massive casualties on both sides would have occurred in Operation Downfallthe planned Allied invasion of Japan.
Truman stated in he had been advised U. This implied the two planned campaigns to conquer Japan would cost 1. Contemporary estimates of Japanese deaths from an invasion of the Home Islands range from several hundreds of thousands to as high as ten million.
From this, a low figure of somewhat more thanJapanese deaths can be calculated for a short invasion of two weeks, and almost three million Japanese deaths if the fighting lasted four months.
McCloywho characterized it as conservative. Of the 22, Japanese combatants entrenched on Iwo Jima, 21, died either from fighting or by ritual suicide.
According to the official Navy Department Library website, "The day Iwo Jima assault resulted in more than 26, American casualties, including 6, dead" with 19, wounded.
To date, all American military casualties of the 60 years following the end of World War II, including the Korean and Vietnam Warshave not exceeded that number.
Inthere were stillof these Purple Heart medals in stock. For the other Asian states alone, the average probably ranged in the tens of thousands per month, but the actual numbers were almost certainly greater innotably due to the mass death in a famine in Vietnam.
In the Dutch East Indiesthere was a "forced mobilization of some 4 million—although some estimates are as high as 10 million—romusha manual laborers Aboutromusha were sent to the Outer Islands and Japanese-held territories in Southeast Asia, where they joined other Asians in performing wartime construction projects.
At the end of the war, only 52, were repatriated to Java. Because the United States Army Air Forces wanted to use its fission bombs on previously undamaged cities in order to have accurate data on nuclear-caused damage, KokuraHiroshimaNagasakiand Niigata were preserved from conventional bombing raids.
Otherwise, they would all have been firebombed. The Soviet invasion of Manchuria had, in the week before the surrender, caused over 80, deaths.
If the atomic bomb had not been used, evidence like that I have cited points to the practical certainty that there would have been many more months of death and destruction on an enormous scale. If a means is justified by an end, the use of the atomic bomb was justified for it brought Japan to her knees and ended the horrible war.
If the war had gone longer, without the use of the atomic bomb, how many thousands and thousands of helpless men, women and children would have needlessly died and suffered?
Genghis Khan and his hordes could not have been more merciless. I have no doubts about whether the two atom bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki were necessary.The Manhattan Project and the Second World War, In early May , Secretary of War Henry L.
Stimson, with the approval of President Harry S. Truman, formed an Interim Committee of top officials charged with recommending the proper use of atomic weapons in wartime and developing a position for the United States on postwar atomic policy.
Debate over the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki Walker notes that "The fundamental issue that has divided scholars over a period of nearly four decades is whether the use of the bomb was necessary to achieve victory in the war in the Pacific on terms satisfactory to the United States." "In Secretary of War Stimson.
A "mushroom" cloud rises over the city of Nagasaki on August 9, , following the detonation of "Fat Man." The second atomic weapon used against Japan, this single bomb resulted in the deaths of 80, Japanese citizens. The Decision to Drop the Bomb 51g.
The Decision to Drop the Bomb For Truman, the choice whether or not to use the atomic bomb was the most difficult decision of his life.
The ethical debate over the decision to drop the atomic bomb will never be resolved.
The bombs did, however, bring an end to the most destructive war in history. - system that would allow u.s. to lease war supplies to any nation deemed 'vital to the defense of the u.s.' - result: major foreign policy debate over whether the u.s.
should help britain or stay neutral.
Debate over the Bomb: An Annotated Bibliography. Debate over the Bomb: An Annotated Bibliography Bibliography on the Debate over the Bomb.
Alperovitz, Gar. Atomic Diplomacy: Hiroshima and Miscamble critiques various revisionist arguments and posits that the bomb was militarily necessary. He also discusses whether the bombings of.