Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. The Indian Ocean trade route was more efficient, easier to travel, and much faster. Meanwhile the Silk Road became less traveled because of its harsh geography, the spread of disease, and the fall of the empires that supported the trade. Differences in geography caused the Silk Road to decline and expanded the Indian Ocean trade.
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Get Access The comparison of corporate governance practices in Indian Essay Sample The purpose of this chapter is to describe the research methodology of this study. This chapter describes the method of data collection, the variable factors used and to test the hypothesis and data analysis methods employed to report the results.
The chapter is structured as follows. Research Methodologies In economic and social research the research method must be compatible with the theoretical paradigm. The term paradigm refers to the set of assumptions about the proper techniques for any specific inquiry. It refers to selection of what is to be studied, how the research is conducted, what should be studied, what data are collected and how it should be interpreted.
The two main research paradigms used in social research are referred to as phenomenological or positivist. In the phenomenological paradigm, researchers are seen as a part of the research process rather than being independent. It relies on people being studied to provide their own explanation of their situation or behaviour.
The phenomenological approach is referred to as hermeneutic, qualitative, phenomenological, interpretive, reflective, inductive ethnographic or action research A. The positivist paradigm takes the view that researchers are seen as independent of the research they are conducting.
They view reality as objective and measureable; human beings are assumed to be rational; and research emphasizes facts and predictions and looks to explain cause and effects. The normal process for the positivist approach is to study the literature to establish a relevant theory and develop the hypotheses or propositions, which can be tested for association or causality by deducing logical consequences that are tested against empirical evidence.
The positivist paradigm is also referred to as scientific, empiricist, quantitative or deductive. The reasoning guiding a research design can be deductive or inductive. Although qualitative methods are associated with inductive reasoning and a phenomenological paradigm, and quantitative methods are usually applied to problems requiring a positivist and inductive approach, both qualitative and quantitative research methods are used by researchers.
Qualitative methods investigate how individuals think and react, and is directed towards deep understanding of their experiences, motivations and values.
However, this method is often criticized as being too subjective, biased and lacking rigor. Quantitative methodology espouses the collection of objective data, rigorous measurement and the use of statistical methods of analysis.
This type of research fails to provide an in-depth understanding of the phenomenon under study. The quantitative approach involves gathering and analyzing numerical data, where as the qualitative approach involves examining and reflecting on perceptions in order to gain understanding of social and human activities.
Data for research derives from two main sources. Original data, which is referred to as primary data, is collected at the source. For example, survey data, questionnaires, observations and experimental data. Data which already exists is referred to as secondary data, such as annual reports, books, published statistics and internal records kept by companies A.
Evidence required to test the hypotheses in this study is based on annual reports and published statistics. Therefore data derived for this study is from secondary sources. This study is based on a phenomenological paradigm used inductive reasoning and qualitative techniques.
This study adopted a phenomenological approach, because phenomenological approach researchers are seen as a part of the research process rather than being independent. The reasoning is inductive because the theory is developed from empirical observations.The purpose of my study is to find out the basic differences between the public and private bank to have an accurate estimate of the number of employees required, with matching skill requirements to meet organizational objectives.
The Last section summarizes the limitations of CSR practices in Indian banking sector and gives suggestions to improve the current scenario.
2. Review of Literature Corporate Governance, and Corporate Social Performance, CSR Practices in Indian Banks. Experts discuss similarities, differences between U.S., India health systems Rao observed that the corporate sector in India is expanding to gain market depth in the health care area through mergers, acquisitions, or franchising.
family-run physician practices, or nonprofit hospitals—which are typically run simply and inexpensively.
Corporate governance is important because of the separation of the ownership from management (Tricker, ).
The agency theory suggests that there could be divergence in the interests of owners and managers (Nyberg et al., ). Corporate governance is an internal mechanism to minimise this divergence.
Corporate governance is defined as the system by which business entities are monitored, managed and controlled. Corporate governance practices have become an essential prerequisite for the ability to acquire and retain financial resources necessary for restructuring long term investment and sustainable growth.4/4(1).
The Handbook of Board Governance – read my Chapter 21, The Individual’s Role in Driving Corporate Governance. Current focus: proxy access lite bylaws that don’t meet CII best practices & driving more democratic forms of corporate governance.