Instead, you might want to rephrase your statement and write: For supporting facts, you may want to mention incidents of bullying that have been in the news recently.
References and Further Readings 1. No doubt, the aesthetic properties of the sculpture are in some way and to some degree a result of its intrinsic features. But in what way exactly, and to what degree? Thinking in terms of supervenience is a good start to finding the answer.
We are then led to ask what the relevant external relations are. As this line of inquiry shows, the concept of supervenience is an invaluable tool for deciding whether and how one set of properties depends on another. An analogous line of inquiry is found in discussions of mental content.
To decide this issue, we consider whether it is possible for an indistinguishable individual, a molecule-for-molecule duplicate, to differ in terms of the content of her mental states.
And thanks to the thought experiments of Hilary Putnamand Tyler Burgeit is widely thought that intrinsic duplicates can indeed differ in the content of their mental states. Supervenience and Non-Reductive Physicalism While Davidson denies that there are psychophysical laws, he acknowledges in a widely cited passage that mental characteristics are in some sense dependent, or supervenient, on physical characteristics.
Due to the popularity of functionalist accounts of mentality and the wide degree of multiple realizability they entail that is, that the same mental property can be realized by events of different physical, chemical, and neural typesa dominant view in the philosophy of mind for the past few decades is the belief that mental properties are not identical with neural properties or any other properties of the natural sciences.
Yet, many of those who reject psychophysical property-identities also claim to support Physicalism regarding mentality, the view that all mental phenomena obtain solely by virtue of physical phenomena.
Whether a mental-physical supervenience thesis captures the content of Physicalism regarding mentality depends on how exactly the supervenience relation is to be understood. To say that there is no mental difference without some physical difference leaves the matter rather unclear.
Much of the literature on supervenience in the philosophy of mind is devoted to adding the needed precision.
Let us consider some of the many issues that arise. Here are some of the most popular brands. Global and Local Versions John Haugeland expresses the idea that all properties supervene on physical properties as follows: This is a global supervenience thesis, claiming that nonphysical difference entails physical difference at the level of possible worlds as a whole where a possible world is a way the world could have been, which includes the actual world, the way the world actually is.
Equivalently, if w1 and w2 are exactly the same physically, then they are exactly the same mentally. While GS goes a long way toward capturing the physicalist belief that the mental depends entirely on the physical, it is arguable that it does not go far enough. GS requires mental similarity only between worlds that are physically indistinguishable as a whole.
So despite the slight and innocuous physical difference between b and the actual world, GS allows that b mentally differs from the actual world as greatly as you please, perhaps being completely devoid of mentality. This result clearly goes against the physicalist intuition that mental phenomena obtain solely by virtue of physical phenomena.
For in the case Kim describes, all of the physical features that are relevant to mentality remain constant. So it seems that if b differs mentally from the actual world, as GS allows, then whatever mental differences there are would have to be due to something other than physical differences.
Note that several authors identify and formulate different types of global supervenience; for a thorough description of varieties of global supervenience, see McLaughlin and Bennett, These complexities are ignored in this introductory survey; here the concern is with global supervenience in general.
To come closer to capturing the content of Physicalism regarding the mind, a supervenience thesis needs to require not only that worlds differing mentally differ physically, but also that individual objects and events cannot differ mentally without differing physically.
Consider, then, the following local supervenience thesis: To say that mental properties strongly supervene on physical properties is to say that SS necessarily, for any mental property M, and any individual x that has M, there is a physical property or set of physical properties P, such that x has P, and necessarily, for any individual y, if y has P, then y has M.
The difference between LS and SS is that LS allows the possibility that some entities have mental properties without having any physical properties. Now suppose that Carla and Marla inhabit worlds that are physically indistinguishable in every respect except for the extra ammonia molecule in a ring of Saturn.
While the worlds themselves differ physically, Carla and Marla do not. So it seems that LS and SS better capture the physicalist intuition that mental facts obtain solely in virtue of physical facts.
However, there is some debate over whether the global thesis might actually be equivalent to SS given the right closure principles. Unlike SS and LS, WS requires only that physical duplicates are mental duplicates within possible worlds, thereby allowing that physical duplicates differ mentally across possible worlds.
So unlike SS and LS, WS allows that you could have had different mental properties from those you actually have without differing in any physical way. But if you could have had different mental properties without differing physically in any way, then the mental facts about you do not depend solely on the way you are physically, which seems to be contrary to Physicalism.3a Formulating a Thesis Statement A thesis statement is a sentence or group of sentences that presents the main idea, or the focus, of an essay.
It is an assertion or opinion in need of explanation, support, or development — a position about the world that readers are unlikely to accept without elaboration or proof.
Thesis statement: The approaches for solving cyber-crime and helping the victims which should come from the government's controlling, Communities' and individuals' regulation and the development of Internet industry. Body: 1. At the age of 40, King Gillette was a frustrated inventor, a bitter anticapitalist, and a salesman of cork-lined bottle caps.
It was , and despite ideas, energy, and wealthy parents, he had. Login to access the Upswing Virtual Learning Center for Houston Community College.
Most importantly, a good thesis statement makes a statement. After all, it’s called a thesis statement for a reason! “This is an interesting statement!” you want your reader to think. Each year, the campus hosts the Celebrate Princeton Innovation reception to honor University inventors and their research teams, and to bring campus researchers together with the external community of entrepreneurs, investors, industry partners, business organizations and others who participate in the innovation ecosystem in New Jersey.