Early history[ edit ] Historical accounts suggest that opium first arrived in China during the Tang dynasty — as part of the merchandise of Arab traders. It is mainly used to treat masculinity, strengthen sperm, and regain vigour. It enhances the art of alchemists, sex and court ladies.
As always, there are a number of urban legends, rumors, and other stories, some of which are true, and some of which are complete fabrications. This brief article is intended to clarify the facts behind this amazing plant and its banning in Thailand in The military came to power in the bloodless Siamese revolution ofwhich transformed the government of Siam Thailand from an absolute to a constitutional monarchy.
It included a National Assembly, that promised that full democratic elections sometime in the s. Bypolitical unrest had reached a pinnacle. In that year, forty political opponents, both monarchists and democrats, were arrested, and after rigged trials eighteen were executed, the first political executions in Siam in over a century.
Many others were exiled. The government launched a campaign against the Chinese business class, closing anything Chinese, while taxes were raised to alarming levels. A man named Luang Phibunsongkhram was in power during this time.
Phibun used the exact propaganda techniques that were used by Hitler and Mussolini o build political power. During this time, Phibun passed a number of authoritarian laws which gave the government the power of almost unlimited arrest and complete press censorship. Seething within the underbelly of this political turmoil was the ever-present black market.
Not surprisingly, one of the largest black market trades was the opium trade. Knowing how profitable it was, the Thai government passed a series of laws that levied duties and taxes from every aspect of the opium trade that they could; from the grower, to the manufacturer, to the distributor, to the shop owner and even the end consumer.
With this boom in opium consumption, there was also a boom in opium addicts, opium-related deaths,and general public health concerns that come with any drug, licit or illicit. The government was clearly in the opium trade, as it was profiting heavily from it.
With the amount of money that was generated from their taxes and levies, this was an aspect of money generation that was worth protecting.
Well, in the fields of Thailand, where workers often toiled in the fields for hours a day, often with no days off, there was an amazing plant that helped them get through their days. This plant was known as Kratom Mitragyna speciosa.
That meant he was a hard worker, dedicated to family values, and not afraid of work in general. Kratom spread like wildfire across the working class people of Thailand, and they were using this widely-available, often-free, safe, non-addicting, natural plant instead of opium.
In fact, what was even more alarming to those with conflicting interests, is that many of these new opium addicts who provided easy and reliable income to the government, were finding respite from their addictions by using Kratom to alleviate their symptoms.
War broke out in ; the East Asian War as history has called it. The government raced to find ways of bringing back the cash cow they had enjoyed as a result of the opium trade. One of the first things they did, was look to see if there was any competition in this particular market. Sure enough, Kratom, which had swept the nation, and was accompanied by little to no adverse reactions or hospital visits of any kind unlike opiumwas now seen as a threat to the massive amounts of cash bring brought in because of the opium trade.
By now, its use was so widespread it had been part of Thailand culture for over 3, yearsthat anyone in the working class was at least familiar with Kratom, had a friend, family member, or even relied on its safe, effective use themselves.
Kratom tress were grown with impunity, the millions of acres of naturally-occurring Kratom trees flourished, and leaves were chewed openly in public without any fear of arrest. So, it seems that the Kratom Act was never really enforced. Fast forward to It was added to the same classification that Cannabis and psilocybin mushrooms belonged to.
The Kratom Act had severe penalties for ingrsting Kratom, and this was intended to reduce the sentences and the punishment for those found to be in violation of the Kratom Act. By Pascal Tanguay 1. Kratom Plant in Thai Society: Culture, Behavior, Health, Science, Laws.Dope inc.: Britain's opium war against the U.S.
by Konstandinos Kalimtgis also by David Goldman and Jeffrey Steinberg. Dedication Acknowledgments.
Before the Opium wars China had started to develop an urban market economy, but once the wars began, China was exposed prematurely to western industries.
China could not compete and became dependent on foreign goods and trade. Opium War [Julia Lovell] on leslutinsduphoenix.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
`On the outside, [the foreigners] seem intractable, but inside they are cowardly Although there have been a few ups-and-downs. Inside a nondescript Hong Kong warehouse sit seven tons of Qing dynasty coins – proof, their owner says, that it was the imperial monetary system, not the opium trade, that brought China low in.
In the EIC further tightened its grip on the opium trade by enforcing direct trade between opium farmers and the British, and ending the role of Bengali purchasing agents.
British exports of opium to China grew from an estimated 15 long tons (15, kg) in to 75 long tons (76, kg) in shipped in over two thousand chests. In reality the British leaders of the opium trade through the s and s were far more interested in protecting their drug sales in order to fund lucrative retirement packages (one of their number, James Matheson, used such profits to buy a seat in Parliament and the Outer Hebridean island of Lewis).