Religion in Latin America Chapter 5: Social Attitudes Latin Americans tend to express traditional views about sexuality, marriage and social mores. For example, majorities in most Latin American countries are opposed to allowing gay and lesbian couples to marry legally. And solid majorities in almost all countries surveyed say abortion should be illegal in all or most circumstances.
Daoism, an ancient Chinese religion with later Buddhist influences that inspired some emulation in Japan and Korea, holds a middling position with respect to monastic ventures, lying somewhere between the powerfully antimonastic Confucian schools that always represented the official culture and mainstream of sophisticated… Daoist thought permeates Chinese cultureincluding many aspects not usually considered Daoist.
In Chinese religion, the Daoist tradition—often serving as a link between the Confucian tradition and folk tradition—has generally been more popular and spontaneous than the official Confucian state cult and less diffuse and shapeless than folk religion.
Daoist philosophy and religion have found their way into all Asian cultures influenced by Chinaespecially those of Vietnam, Japan, and Korea. Various religious practices reminiscent of Daoism in such areas of Chinese cultural influence indicate early contacts with Chinese travelers and immigrants that have yet to be elucidated.
Both Western Sinologists and Chinese scholars themselves have distinguished—since Han times bce— ce —between a Daoist philosophy of the great mystics and their commentators daojia and a later Daoist religion daojiao.
The mystics, however, should be viewed against the background of the religious practices existing in their own times. Their ecstasiesfor example, were closely related to the trances and spirit journeys of the early magicians and shamans religious personages with healing and psychic transformation powers.
Therefore, because there has been a nearly continuous mutual influence between Daoists of different social classes—philosophers, asceticsalchemists, and the priests of popular cults—the distinction between philosophical and religious Daoism in this article is made simply for the sake of descriptive convenience.
There is also a tendency among scholars today to draw a less rigid line between what is called Daoist and what is called Confucian.
The two traditions share many of the same ideas about man, society, the ruler, heavenand the universe—ideas that were not created by either school but that stem from a tradition prior to either Confucius or Laozi.
Viewed from this common tradition, orthodox Confucianism limited its field of interest to the creation of a moral and political system that fashioned society and the Chinese empire; whereas Daoism, inside the same worldview, represented more personal and metaphysical preoccupations.
In the case of Buddhism—a third tradition that influenced China—fundamental concepts such as the nonexistence of the individual ego and the illusory nature of the physical world are diametrically opposed to Daoism.
In terms of overt individual and collective practices, however, competition between these two religions for influence among the people—a competition in which Confucianism had no need to participate because it had state patronage—resulted in mutual borrowings, numerous superficial similarities, and essentially Chinese developments inside Buddhismsuch as the Chan Japanese Zen sect.
In folk religion, since Song times —Daoist and Buddhist elements have coexisted without clear distinctions in the minds of the worshippers. Page 1 of Moral reasoning. Moral discourse is a regular part of political, economic, social and cultural debates.
These values are often embedded in private and public discussions ranging from the. Daoism: Daoism, indigenous religio-philosophical tradition that has shaped Chinese life for more than 2, years. In the broadest sense, a Daoist attitude toward life can be seen in the accepting and yielding, an attitude that offsets and complements the moral and duty-conscious character ascribed to .
Next story [Insights Secure – ] UPSC Mains Questions on Current Events: 19 April ; Previous story 7) It is a fact that the world economy is experiencing a long phase of weak economic growth.
What are the solutions and their limitations put forth to address this weak growth? Discuss. Moral Attitueds Toward the Thousand and One Night. The entire basis for The Thousand and One Knights is Shahrayar has become exhausted by the infidelity of his wife and that of his brother’s.
Scheherazade’s purpose for the tales is to show the king that not all women are bad and that men can be evil sometimes too. There are many women in.
tody The Red Lotus of Chastity and The Thousand and One Nights The females in The Red Lotus of Chastity and The Thousand and One Nights struggled against ideas of chastity that were created by a male dominated society. They had to over come the cultural ideals of what women should be and do.
Moral Attitueds Toward the . Variation in the extent an attitude is imbued with moral conviction is a strong predictor of a variety of consequential social judgments; however, the extant literature has not explained variation in moral conviction.
The authors predict that some attitudes may be experienced as moral because they are heritable, promoting group survival and firmly rooting .