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Tweet Washington became one of the first two states, along with Colorado, to legalize adult recreational use of marijuana when voters approved Initiative on November 6, The vote was the culmination of a long campaign to end legal penalties for possession and use of the plant and its byproducts, a campaign that since the s had won reduced criminal penalties, permitted medical use, and finally legalization under History of medical marijuana essay law -- marijuana remained illegal, in Washington and elsewhere, under federal law.
This essay traces the history of marijuana, a substance that had been used by humans for thousands of years until being demonized and outlawed across much of the world during the twentieth century, and of the movement to end the criminalization of marijuana use in Washington.
During the millennia when only magic could explain most natural phenomena, plant-derived drugs such as opium and cannabis were believed in many cultures to enhance insight into the mysteries of existence. In some societies their use was sacred, confined to healers and holies who would then interpret the experience for the faithful.
In other societies, psychoactive drugs were used by ordinary citizens, to heal, to approach the divine, or for simple enjoyment.
It is an indisputable fact that throughout recorded history a not-insignificant percentage of the human race has used chemical compounds to alter, at least temporarily, how they experience reality.
With the exceptions of alcohol, caffeine, and nicotine, marijuana is probably the most widely used psychoactive substance known to humans, and the only one of the four that has been illegal in America since the repeal of alcohol prohibition in Unlike most plants and fungi that contain psychoactive chemicals, the hemp plant the dried leaves and flowers of which are marijuana has many practical uses.
Since as long ago as B. The first unambiguous written mention of hemp being used for medicinal purposes appears in the Rh-Ya, a fifteenth century B. The Atharva Veda, a compilation of Hindu hymns and scripture that first was reduced to writing ca.
Favorable mentions of hemp under a variety of names but never "marijuana"appear in the early records of many societies, particularly in Asia and South Asia.
Following the Linnaean ladder, the Cannabis L. Ruderalis the latter, until recently, found only in Russia and other northern latitudes. A fourth name, C. Americanus, appears to be an exercise in geographical hubris, with no scientific basis or separate existence in nature.
Etymologists believe that the words "hemp" and "cannabis" are derived from a single Indo-European root that first entered the western world as the Greek kannabis, probably borrowed from the Scythian civilization from the steppes of Central Asia, where hemp itself may have first been used by humans.
Hemp probably originated in Central Asia and spread with human migration and trade. Shreds of hempen cloth and other hemp products have been found in archaeological sites in Asia, Africa, and Europe. Certainly by the thirteenth century C.
It is likely that in most places where hemp was used as a material, it was also used for its physical and psychoactive effects.
In the fifth century B. The qualities that made hemp commercially valuable were strength and durability.California, the first state to legalize medical marijuana (California Proposition ), and the state with the most detailed data available reported the number of ninth graders reporting marijuana usage in the last 30 days declined by 47 percent from (when the state’s medical marijuana law .
Why pet owners are giving their beloved animals medical marijuana Pot for pooches: Why pet owners are giving their beloved animals medical marijuana.
This essay delves deeply into the origins of the Vietnam War, critiques U.S. justifications for intervention, examines the brutal conduct of the war, and discusses the antiwar movement, with a separate section on protest songs.
Buy Cannabis: A History on leslutinsduphoenix.com FREE SHIPPING on qualified orders. This essay attempts to determine whether using marijuana for medical purposes is based on empirical data or rather a populist myth.
If marijuana were just another common drug, its appropriateness for use as a medical substance would certainly be left to the discretion of physicians and patients. Nov. 5, - First Medical Marijuana Initiative Passed in San Francisco "The first medical marijuana initiative appeared in the city of San Francisco as Proposition P, which passed with an overwhelming 79% of the vote on Nov.