A collection of scholarly works about individual liberty and free markets.
Yet the political upheaval and religious schisms which contributed to the revolution were underway long before The causes of the English Revolution are hotly debated among historians, but some agree that a combination of the struggle for power between parliament and the crown and the religious divisions between Anglicans and Puritans were the most potent forces behind the developing crisis.
Political and religious pamphlets were produced in abundance during the mids. Religious sermons, often highly political in nature, were also preached and sometimes printed during this time, and, like the practice of pamphleteering, attempted to sway public opinion.
Additionally, much of the poetry of this time period was focussed on the topical religious issues, issues which many maintain fueled the fire of the Revolution. Critics such as Nicholas Tyacke stress that the revolution of the mids was already brewing in the s.
Calvinists and Puritans believed that salvation was predestined, that men were divided into the classes of the Elect and the Reprobate. As the House of Commons gained power in the s, it wore an increasingly Puritan face, whereas King Charles I surrounded himself with Anglicans and Arminians.
Prall notes that with the ascension of Charles came an increasing reliance of the crown on the Bishop of London, and therefore an increase in both political and religious tensions.
These tensions exploded with armed conflict incontinued for several years with the Puritans being lead by Oliver Cromwell, and lasted until the execution of Charles I in Thus began the Restoration. The religious and political issues which fueled the Revolution also inspired the writers of pamphlets.
William Haller describes the pamphlets of revolutionary England as being inspired by the concept of liberty, and argues that the doctrine of liberty was developed during these years and on the pages of pamphlets.
Haller argues that liberty was first understood in religious terms, as men of this time conceived of organized society as a religious body with which the state was closely involved.
While not the first to extoll the virtues and need for liberty, John Milton, Haller notes, wrote, in addition to his many pamphlets, the finest expression of this aspiration for liberty with his Areopagitica Some pamphlet writers supported Parliament and attacked the crown, others defended the various religious sects or asked for religious tolerance, and some even abused Parliament.
While Haller stresses the importance of liberty to the pamphleteers and to the Revolution, William Lamont maintains that liberty was not the concern, not the cause or the inspiration of the Revolution. Lamont discusses several crises of the English Revolution, in which revolutionaries were not concerned with liberty, but rather with the role of bishops within the government.
Most advocated stricter godly control, argues Lamont, not freedom. Lamont concludes that the goal of liberty may have been an unintended consequence of the activities of revolutionary Puritans, but that freedom was not their rallying cry.
It was not unheard of for pamphleteers to be arrested for their writing against the crown, or against the bishops. William Prynne was arrested in for just such an attack, notes D.2. Economic Background of the English Revolution (a) The Land. ENGLAND at the beginning of the seventeenth century was a predominantly agricultural country.
The overwhelming mass of the population lived in the countryside, engaged either wholly or partially in producing foodstuffs or wool. The English Revolution (also called the Engish Civil War) was a period of armed conflict and political turmoil between and which pitted supporters of Parliament against the Crown, the trial and execution of Charles I, the replacement of the monarchy with the Commonwealth of England (), the rise of Oliver Cromwell to a virtual .
The English Revolution (also called the Engish Civil War) was a period of armed conflict and political turmoil between and which pitted supporters of Parliament against the Crown, the trial and execution of Charles I, the replacement of the monarchy with the Commonwealth of England (), the rise of Oliver Cromwell to a virtual military dictatorship, and the eventual.
Dec 02, · The English Civil Wars () stemmed from conflict between Charles I and Parliament over an Irish insurrection.
(August ). Initially northern and western England, together with much.
The English Revolution Source: The English Revolution ; Written: in ; Economic Background of the English Revolution (a) The Land. ENGLAND at the beginning of the seventeenth century was a predominantly agricultural country.
The overwhelming mass of the population lived in the countryside, engaged either wholly or . The English Revolution, 1. The aftermath of the First Civil War, The Scots believed that the captured Charles I would agree to the introduction of Presbyterian government in the Church of England.
Charles believed that he could play off the Scots against the English, and the various English factions against one another.