Glossary and Terms What was the French Revolution? The French Revolution was a period of time in France when the people overthrew the monarchy and took control of the government. Unknown When did it take place?
Check new design of our homepage! Here is a brief account. Historyplex Staff Last Updated: Aug 6, With the rallying cries of 'Liberty, Equality, Fraternity', the French Revolution, which began in and lasted up towas a time of great upheaval in France, both socially and politically.
During this period, the structure of the French government, which until then was an absolute monarchy with the Catholic clergy and aristocracy enjoying feudal privileges, was changed radically into kinds that had the principles of Enlightenment as their basis, such as the rights of citizens and nationalism.
These changes, however, were brought about through violent turbulence, which included executions by the thousands by the notorious guillotine along with repression, especially during the 'Reign of Terror'.
It also brought military conflicts. Some of the later events that can be linked back to the French Revolution are: It was the yearwhen the States General met in the month of May, that marked the beginning of the French Revolution. Then, in the same year, on the 14th of July, the famous storming of the Bastille took place.
The Royal Family attempted to flee from Paris to go to Varennes inbut failed. A Legislative Assembly began functioning from the month of October in up to the month of September inwhen the National Convention replaced it due to the advancing allied armies of Holland, Austria, Sardinia, and Prussia.
The National Convention proclaimed France to be a Republic. In the same year, war was declared on Britain by the revolutionary government. The infamous Reign of Terror, with its equally infamous symbol, the guillotine, was ruthlessly used by the ruling faction to execute every potential enemy.
Thousands of people were condemned to death by the guillotine by the Revolutionary Tribunal. While some of them were killed for their political actions or opinions, many were killed merely because of suspicion, or just because getting rid of them was beneficial for others.
Most of the people sent to the guillotine made the trip there unceremoniously in a tumbrel, a farm dump cart, which proceeded through jeering crowds. About 18, to 40, people were put to death during this time.
The Directory replaced the Convention inwhich in turn was replaced by the Consulate in Causes of the French Revolution Social Causes: There were several reasons for the revolution, which had been insidiously building up for a number of years, although the main cause could be attributed to the great disparity between the royalty, clergy and nobility on one side, and the middle classes and peasants on the other.
The population of France at that time was separated into three estates: The first estate, numbering aboutpeople, comprised the clergy; the second estate, numbering aboutpeople, comprised the nobility; and the third estate comprised the peasantry, wage earners, and the working class, which made up 90 percent of the population of France.
Under this system, while the first and the second estates were conferred with great privileges, the third estate was downtrodden under oppressive conditions. First of all, even though they were the wealthiest, the first and the second estates hardly paid any taxes.
Plus, they were the only ones who could hold high positions in the society. In addition, the monarchy, via the local officials and ministers, wielded absolute authority and power over France. For instance, the parliament, known as 'States General', had not been convened since These conditions gradually became cause for great resentment in the third estate.
The Privileges of the First and Second Estate: Tolls were collected by the aristocrats from people who used markets and roads.
The aristocrats were exempted from paying most of taxes. The aristocracy were also exempt from doing military service. The aristocrats had almost full authority over the peasant class.
Causes of the French Revolution Jump to the population of Paris was second only to that of London (approximately , vs. ,), and culminated in the French Revolution of Taxation. Louis XVI, his ministers, and the widespread French nobility had become immensely unpopular. The causes of the French Revolution are two sides of the same coin; one side were the long-ranging problems, such as the condition of French society. Since the Middle Ages the French population had been divided into three On October 5th , thousands of women from Paris marched to Versailles to complain about the lack of bread. At that. By Mircea Platon. More than any other event of the eighteenth century, the French Revolution, which began in , changed the face of modern politics across Europe and the world.
Most clergy and aristocrats lived extremely luxurious lives in palaces and chateaus. The Unfair Conditions of the Third Estate: The peasant class had no right to fish or hunt in the estates of the aristocrats. The peasant class was forced to pay taxes to the Church, the King, as well as to their noble master.
They had to serve in the military. They had to use their noble master's winepress, oven, and mill, and pay for it. Monetary Causes The brewing discontent and resentment amongst the common people of France may not have led to the political revolution without the fiscal crisis that the country was plunged into by the late s, by which time the government of France was bankrupt, with a debt amounting to million livres.
A lot of money had been spent in waging expensive wars, with no gains to show for it. The royalty was accused by the people of spending enormous amounts of money on their luxurious lifestyles, particularly the highly unpopular Queen Marie-Antoinette, the wife of Louis XVI, whose extravagance and opposition to reform were contributory factors to the monarchy being eventually overthrown.Nov 09, · Watch video · The French Revolution was a watershed event in modern European history that began in and ended in the late s with the ascent of Napoleon Bonaparte.
During this period, French citizens. © Cleveland Institute of Music: Evolution and Revolution the name of the French people July 14, Known as Bastille Day (France’s 4th of July) Random riots throughout the streets of Paris.
The French Revolution was a revolution in France from to It led to the end of the monarchy, and to many wars. King Louis XVI was executed in Causes of the revolution.
Many problems in France led up to the Revolution: Under the Kings. By Mircea Platon. More than any other event of the eighteenth century, the French Revolution, which began in , changed the face of modern politics across Europe and the world.
Causes of the French Revolution Jump to the population of Paris was second only to that of London (approximately , vs. ,), and culminated in the French Revolution of Taxation. Louis XVI, his ministers, and the widespread French nobility had become immensely unpopular.
The French Revolution (French: Révolution française French pronunciation: [ʁevɔlysjɔ̃ fʁɑ̃sɛːz]) was a period of far-reaching social and political upheaval in France and its colonies beginning in The Revolution overthrew the monarchy, established a republic, catalyzed violent periods of political turmoil, and finally culminated.