A phenotypic characteristic, acquired during growth and development, that is not genetically based and therefore cannot be passed on to the next generation for example, the large muscles of a weightlifter. Any heritable characteristic of an organism that improves its ability to survive and reproduce in its environment. Also used to describe the process of genetic change within a population, as influenced by natural selection. A graph of the average fitness of a population in relation to the frequencies of genotypes in it.
In fact, most Protestant churches do not include citations from Chronicles in their weekly lectionary, which means few sermons, few inspired readings, and few Bible studies emanate from these books.
Needless to say, many scholars feel this is a deep travesty. These scholars are quick to point out that, far from just filling in gaps, these books have a spiritual purpose all of their own.
The title of these books in Hebrew is "the events of the days," leading one church father, Jerome, to proclaim them to be "a chronicle of the whole of sacred history. Obviously, the ancient rabbis found these readings to be exciting and stimulating!
It really isn't necessary to choose one position over the other. But in order to give these books their due, perhaps we might think of them like the synoptic gospels.
We have three gospels that tell basically the same story.
The Bible is richer for having these three viewpoints. In similar fashion, the history of Israel is given fuller representation by having two historical accounts - reminding ourselves, of course, that historicity was not the primary purpose or focus of any of these books.
While they all record facts that are based in history, their main intent is to provide a theological interpretation of the events that happened to the Israelites. The event is never as important as what it means for the people of God.
As always, God is the main character in these stories, in control of everything that ever occurs. It is believed that Chronicles was written perhaps a century or two after Kings. The author s of Chronicles already knew the history of Samuel-Kings and had access to what was included there. However, they used those materials very selectively in order to enhance their main themes, which primarily involved the importance of the Davidic line as well as Jerusalem and its temple.
The chronicler had the benefit of knowing that there was life after the exile. Unlike Kings, which ended at the point of exile with just a hint that David's line might continue, the author s of Chronicles record Cyrus' proclamation that the Lord had appointed him to build a temple for Him at Jerusalem in Judah.
Cyrus gave people leave to go up. These books, then, were recorded for that community - the community going back to the land of promise, the restoration community. For a time, scholars believed that the chronicler might also have written the books of Ezra-Nehemiah, since they pick up the story of the restoration right where 2 Chronicles ends.
The Chronicler's message, then, is one of hope, of great expectation. Its whole intent is to lead the children of God to repentance, restoration, and salvation.
The writer s were not immune to shaping the historical details to achieve that end. So it is that they spend a disproportionate amount of time on the reigns of David and Solomon because it is through David that God's eternal kingdom will be realized. Some scholars have criticized the author s of Chronicles for skipping over a lot of the scandals involving David his adulterous affair with Bathsheba, the murder of Uriah, and Absalom's rebellion.
But in fairness, they also skip over many of the positive statements regarding David's childhood. In truth, they simply weren't interested in these aspects of David's reign. What was important was that David's line would be eternal, and that he established the liturgy of the temple.
And even though he was not authorized to build the temple, he showed concern about having a proper place of worship. Plus, he paved the way for Solomon to build it. Another major slant in Chronicles is a lack of evenhandedness regarding the northern kingdom. It's barely mentioned and only when it has a direct impact on events in the south.
Kings is clear that the demise of the northern territories was due to their idolatrous behaviour. Not that the southern kingdom was much better. But the Chronicler is only interested in Jerusalem and its claim to be the true center of worship for the Lord.
According to the Chronicler, one's only purpose in life is to seek God - in worship and in the written word. God's will is determined less by prophetic speakers than by the written word.
Hence the focus on liturgy, the book discovered in the time of Josiah, and codified tradition. There are fewer "miraculous" divine interventions, yet the divine presence is always presumed in the ordinary events of life.
So it is that those who seek God will choose to do His will and experience blessings; those who don't will experience judgment. To ignore God is to invite great peril. The Chronicler, then, uses the texts available to him much like we do for direction and inspiration.
He sometimes struggles with this theology in that some bad kings live long lives and die peacefully while some good kings have short reigns and die violent deaths.GENESIS CHAPTER ONE [Gen NASB]: I) GOD IS SOLE CREATOR OF THE UNIVERSE "In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.".
Many systems are under stress because employees harbor doubts that the core elements are equitable. A few practical steps can change that.
INTRODUCTION. Aging may be due, in part, to alterations in a discrete set of cell signaling pathways including the mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway ().Inhibition of the mTOR pathway has extended life span in every species studied to date, suggesting that mTOR signaling is an evolutionarily conserved pathway that may regulate aging ().
The "Three Weeks" between the 17th of Tammuz and the Tisha B'Av have historically been days of misfortune and calamity for the Jewish people. During this time, both the First and Second Temples were destroyed, amongst other tragedies.
These days are referred to as the period "within the straits. OUR SKIES ARE FILLED WITH TROJAN HORSES. "The real UFO story must encompass all of the many manifestations being observed. It is a story of ghosts and phantoms and strange mental aberrations; of an invisible world that surrounds us and occasionally engulfs us; of prophets and prophecies, and gods and demons.
Chuang Tzu written by You-Sheng Li This page is devoted to stories of Lao Tzu, Confucius and others who laid down the philosophical foundation for Chinese culture more than two thousand years ago.