A paper on postpartum depression and child development

This article is a thesis review or a postpartum depression research paper on the topic, "Effects of postpartum depression on child development at Dodowa Hospital, Ghana" Researcher: Among women who have already experienced PPD following a previous pregnancy, prevalence estimates may increase to 41 per cent APA, Although the rates vary across regions, depending on socioeconomic status and other determinants of health such as access to quality of health care, PPD can cause grave health implication for both mother and child.

A paper on postpartum depression and child development

These problems may inhibit reproduction and as such cause the ovarian follicle to remain empty. Disruption also in the part of the brain that regulates ovulation can cause low levels of the hormones that regulate this lutienizing hormone LH and follicle stimulating hormones FSH.

Ovulatory problem may also be caused by poor functioning of the fallopian tubes, physical damage to the ovaries as in multiple surgeries; thereby causing the follicles not to mature properly and ovulation will not occur.

Cervical Causes Cervical infertility involves inability of the sperm to pass through the mouth of the uterus due to damage of the cervix, www. Cervical factor in infertility can also be caused by the following: Inadequate cervical mucus, which acts as a filter that allows only the best sperm to survive and fertilize an egg.

Cervical narrowing or stenosis and infections of the cervix with common sexually transmitte infections like Chlamdia, gonorrhoea or trichomonas can also lead to infertility in women. Pelvic and Tubal Causes According to www. The blockage or scarring of the fallopian tube may prevent the egg from traveling from the ovary towards the uterus to meet with sperm, this can lead to infertility, the pelvic adhesions are defined as bands of scar tissue that bind organs after pelvic infection, appendicitis or abdominal or pelvic surgery.

Frequent abortions may also produce infertility by weakening the cervic or by leaving scar tissue that obstructs the uterus. Previous surgeries are important causes of disease and damage. Tubal damage may result in a pregnancy but the fertilized egg will be unable to make its way through the fallopian tube to be implanted in the uterus ectopic pregnancy.

Apirta, Uterine Causes Uterine causes of infertility are conditions in which there is adhesion between the anterior and posterior uterine walls due to scar tissue formation.

This makes it difficult for the fertilized egg to implant. Anatomic problems like polyps, uterine fibroid and abnormal shape of the uterus can also prevent fertility.

Uterine muscle problems is another cause of infertility, in this condition, some women may produce weak, infrequent or abnormal contractions in the uterus that push the sperm away during ovulation. Reproductive causes According to www. Endometriosis is a condition that occurs when segments of the uterine lining or endometrum grow a structure outside the uterus.

Endometriosis affects women during their reproductive years; a woman may be at-risk for developing it if there is a family history of the disease.

Sometime it no symptoms. According to centres for disease control and prevention,Endometriosis is a condition in which sections of the uterine lining are implanted in the vagina, ovaries, and fallopian tubes or pelvic.

These implants eventually form cysts that grow with each menstrual cycle and may eventually turn into blisters and scars can then block the passage of the egg within the tubes. Such a blockage may be due to a congenital abnormality, post-surgical adhesions or any condition that produces scar tissue.

Healthhints, Hormonal Problems A hormone is a chemical communication system used by the body to regulate growth and other processes. When there is over or under-production of hormone like in adrenal or thyroid deficiencies and excess production of prolactin can prevent ovulation. Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research, The process of ovulation depends upon a complex balance of hormones and any disruption in this process can hinder fertility.

The three main sources that can cause this problem are as follows: The ovaries will be unable to ovulate properly if either too much or too little of these substance are produced. This can occur due to physical injury, a tumour or if there is a chemical imbalance in the pituitary.

Age-Related Infertility According to Shermanage can be a very big factor and is a cause of infertility in women that cannot be avoided. Nowadays, many women are waiting until they are in their mids before trying to conceive but it is harder to conceive at that age.

Women over the age of 35 often suffer from age-related infertility as their eggs resist declines and hormonal changes make conception and pregnancy more difficult. Unlike some types of female infertility, age-related problems are progressive.

The longer the patient waits before seeking treatment, the less likely that assisted reproductive technology will be helpful. Equally, smoking by woman of child bearing age reduces the chance of conceiving with each cycle, either naturally or by IVF by one third.

American society for reproductive medicine, In over-weight women, their bodies produce a hormone called estrogen and too much body fat overweight will lead to too much estrogen and the body will react to it as if it is a birth control.

A paper on postpartum depression and child development

When menstrual cycle is irregular, ovulation is inadequate or even does nor occur resulting in infertility. Environmental and Occupational Factors The ability to conceive may be affected by exposure to various toxins or chemicals in workplace of the surrounding environment. Substances that can cause mutations, birth defects, abortions, infertility or sterility are called reproductive toxins.

Disorders of infertility, reproduction and spontaneous abortion are among the top ten work-related diseases and injuries of the present day. Despite the fact that considerable controversy exists regarding the impacts of toxins on fertility, four chemicals are being regulated based on their documented infringements on conceptions.

What factors increase the risk for chronic depression?

They are as follows:This article is a thesis review or a postpartum depression research paper on the topic, "Effects of postpartum depression on child development at Dodowa Hospital, Ghana".

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Sep 14,  · While performing physical assessment of a 12 month-old, the nurse notes that the infant’s anterior fontanelle is still slightly leslutinsduphoenix.com: THE NURSING CORNER. a form of complementary and alternative medicine that involves inserting thin needles through the skin at specific points on the body to control pain and other symptoms.

Postpartum Depression. Before we address effect of postpartum depression on child development, let's list a few salient facts about this disorder. Postpartum depression effects around 13% of women within one year of giving birth.

Research suggests that the effect of postpartum depression on child development to be related to the relationship of the mother and infant. New this month: Grand ambitions.

A paper on postpartum depression and child development

Your toddler is still likely to explore her surroundings the way she has for the last few months — grabbing random objects, inspecting them closely, putting them to her mouth, banging them on the floor.

Major depressive disorder - Wikipedia