The eldest son of a prosperous builder and stonemason, Hardy was educated at the village school and apprenticed at the age of sixteen to local architect and church restorer John Hicks. In he went to London to pursue his architectural career; he also began writing at this time. Hardy returned to Dorset in to become assistant to John Hicks and wrote his first novel, The Poor Man and the Lady, of which only fragments remain.
Hardy Realism has been the dominant narrative tradition of English fiction. Victorian novel beautifully fits into this definition. His novel are expression of personal philosophy rather then rendition expression of an outer society.
We must keep these factors in the mind while looking at the novel as a tragedy. The structure of the novel is affected by these factors.
She has to pass through the series of sufferings which does not have a logical relationship with her life. She suffers without doing anything wrong; being a woman in patriarchal society seems to be her only fault. The narrative does not have any cause-and-effect relationship. The events take place as they were pre-determined.
Within the novel, Tess is doubly fixed: Note the following authorial comment: Hardy had a deterministic view of life; his outlook was supremely pessimistic.
Fate, chance and circumstances play a great role in development of his plot. An individual cannot make his own destiny. Her tragedy is contributed by fate which is a great primitive force. Her struggle against the circumstances is always already doomed to failure.
The structure of he novel, therefore, is does not have any livearity. The narrative is itself developed by the by the ways of chance and co-incidence. One can enumerate many examples: Tess, as a woman becomes an agent of her destruction.
Like any other women of the society, Tess is impulsive emotional and sensitive. These qualities prove to be her weaknesses.
The structure of the novel is affected by the social customs and conventions. Those customs are also the manifestations of the fate. The society does not accept a sexual impure woman. Tess is caught in the web of the customs.Tess of the D’Urbervilles was a controversial work when it first appeared in the early s.
The serialized version of was heavily censored and the full novel of received mixed reviews, largely because it challenged the sexual morals of /5(K).
Tess of the DUrbervilles essays Thomas Hardy was considered a fatalist. Fatalism is a view of life which insists that all action everywhere is controlled by nature of things or by a power superior to things.
It grants the existence of Fate, a great impersonal, primitive force, existing from all et. The expected result of this study is a better understanding of the s England, Aristotle’s view of tragedy and Thomas Hardy’s fatalist approach in his works.
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Tess of the d'Urbervilles, By Thomas Hardy 1 Phase the First: The Maiden I On an evening in the latter part of May a middle-aged. Thomas Hardy was considered a fatalist.
Fatalism is a view of life, which insists that all action everywhere is controlled by the nature of things or by a power superior to things. It grants the existence of Fate, a great impersonal, primitive force, existing from all eternity, absolutely independent of human will.